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高一英语一常识点概括

   日期:2019-12-16     来源:www.zhixueshuo.com    作者:智学网    浏览:730    评论:0    
核心提示:  英语常识点一直是高中英语教学的一个难点。下面是学习啦我们为大家带来的高一英语一常识点概括,相信对你会有协助的。  高

  英语常识点一直是高中英语教学的一个难点。下面是学习啦我们为大家带来的高一英语一常识点概括,相信对你会有协助的。

  高一英语一常识点概括

  1. fond of 青睐,喜好 接名词、代词或动词的-ing形式。例如:

  Hes fond of swimming. 他喜爱游泳。

  Are you fond of fresh vegetables. 你喜爱新鲜蔬菜吗?

  He is fond of his research work. 他青睐他的研究工作。

  2. hunt for = look for探寻

  I have found the book I was hunting for.我找到了那本我在找的书。

  hunt for a job 找工作

  3. in order to, so as to 这两个词组都可引导不定式作目的状语, in order to可放于句首, so as to则不可以, 其否定形式为in order not to / so as not to. 如:

  He went to Beijing in order / so as to attend an important meeting.

  In order to be noticed, he shouted and waved to us.为了让大家注意他, 他朝大家又是叫喊又是挥手。

  4. care about

  1) 喜爱,对有兴趣 = care for

  She doesnt care about money.她不喜爱钱。

  2)关心 = care for

  She thinks only of herself. She doesnt care about other people.

  她只分析自身。她不关心其他人。

  3)在乎,在乎

  These young people care nothing about what old people might say.

  这些青年根本不在乎老人说的话。

  5. such as 意为诸如,像,是用来列举人或事物的。

  She teaches three subjects, such as physics and chemistry.她教三门科目,像物理化学

  6. drop *   a line 留下便条, 写封短信

  7、make yourself at home 别客气;随便;无拘束

   If you get to my house before I do, help yourself to a drink and make yourself at home.

  如果你在我之前到我家,自身喝点饮料,随便一点。

  8、stay up 不睡;熬夜

   Ill be late home, dont stay up for me.

  我将回家很晚,不要等我了。

   He stayed up reading until 2:00 in the morning.

  他熬夜看书直到凌晨两点。

  9、come about 引起;发生;产生

  How did the accident come about?

  这场事故是如何发生的?

   They didnt know how the change had come about.

  他们不知道这个变化是如何产生的。

  10、except for 除之外

   except 与 except for 的使用方法常有不同。except 多用于引起同类事物中被排除的一项。如:

  ①He answered all the questions except the last one.

  除去最后一个,他回答了所有问题。

  ②We go there every day except Sunday.

  除了星期天,大家天天去那里。

  except for 用于引述细则以修正句子的主要意思。如:

  ①Except for one old lady, the bus was empty.

  除去一个老太太,这辆公共汽车全空了。

  ②Your picture is good except for the colours.

  你的画儿非常不错,只是某些色彩有问题。

  但在现代英语中,except for也用于表示except的意思。如上述第一个例子可以是:

  He answered all the questions except for the last one.

   另外,在介词短语之前只能用except,不可以用except for。如:

  We go to bed before ten, except in the summer.

  除了夏天,大家一般十点之前上床睡觉。

  11、end up with 以告终;以结束

   The party ended up with an English song.

  聚会以一首英文歌结束。

  12、more or less 几乎;差不多;大约;大概;大体上

   Ive more or less succeeded, but they havent.

  我差不多胜利了,而他们没有。

   Our living condition has more or less improved.

  自己的生活水平或多或少提升了。

  13、bring in 引进;引来;吸收

   We should bring in new technology.

  大家应该引进新技术。

   He brings in 800 dollars a month.

  他一个月挣八百美元。

  14、get away 逃离

  The thieves got away from the shop with all our money.

  小偷带着大家所有的钱从商店逃跑了。

  I caught a really big fish but it got away.

  我钓到了一条好大的鱼,可是它逃掉了。

  15、watch out 注意;留心

  Watch out! There is a car coming.

  小心!汽车来了。

  Watch out for the hole in the road.

  留神路上的那个坑。

  16、see sb. off 给某人送行

  Tomorrow I will see my friend off at the railway station.

  明天我到火车站给朋友送行。

  17、on the other hand 另一方面

  I know this job of mine isnt well paid, but on the other hand I dont have to work long hours.

  我知道这份工作报酬不高,但从另一方面来说,我也不必工作太长时间。

  18、as well as *   而且

  He is a talented musician as well as being a photographer.

  她不但是摄影师还是个天才的音乐家。

  19、take place 发生 take ones place 入座、站好位置、获得地位

  take sbs place 或take the place of *   / sth代替、取代

  The Olympic Games take place / are held every four years.

  20、on fire 等于burning, 意为燃烧;着火;起火,有静态的含意。Catch fire有动态的含意。

  Set on fire / set fire to 用来表示使着火、放火烧。例如:

  Look, the theatre is on fire! Lets go and help.瞧,剧院着火了,咱们去帮忙救火吧。

  21、on holiday 在度假,在休假中

  When I was on holiday, I visited my uncle. 我在度假的时候去看望了叔叔。

  holiday一般指休假

  Tom and I are going to have a holiday. 我和汤姆筹备去度假。

  Ive already had my holidays this year. 我今年已经度过假了。

  22、travel agency

  A business that attends to the details of transportation, itinerary, and accommodations

  for travelers. 旅游社一种为旅游者供应细致的运输、旅游和住宿方面服务的行业

  Also called: travel bureau

  23、take off 1)脱下, 解掉 He took off his wet shoes.他脱下了湿鞋子。

  2)起飞

  The plane took off on time. It was a smooth take-off.飞机准时起飞。起飞非常顺利。

  3)匆匆离开

  The six men got into the car and took off for the park.这六个人上了车,匆匆离开去公园。

  24. go wrong v. 走错路, 误入岐途, 发生问题

  25. in all adv. 总共

  26. stay away v.外出

  27. look up 查看

  Look up the word in the dictionary.在字典里查单词。

  有关词组:look for 探寻;look after照顾,照料; look forward to期待;look into调查;

  look on旁观;look out注意;look out for注意,留心,提防;look over翻阅,查询,检查;look around环视;look through翻阅,查询。

  28、run after追逐,追求

  If you run after two hares, you will catch neither.同时追两只兔子,你一只也抓不到。

  29、on the air广播

  We will be on the air in five minutes.大家五分钟以后开始广播。

  This programme comes on the air at the same time every day.这个节目每天在同一时间播出。

  30、think highly/well/much of对评价很高, 赞赏, 对印象好

  He was highly thought of by the manager.经理对他非常赞赏。

  I think well of your suggestion.我觉得你的提议非常不错。

  think badly/nothing/little/lowly of认为不好, 好不在乎, 不赞成, 觉得不如何

  I dont think much of him as a teacher.我觉得他作为一个老师不如何。

  31. leave out 1) 漏掉 You made a mistakeYouve left out a letter t.你出错了你漏掉了一个字母t.

  2) 删掉, 没用 I havent changed or left out a thing.我没有作出变动也没有删掉任何东西。

  32. stare at 凝视,盯着看

  Dont stare at foreigners. Its impolite.不要盯着外国人看,这样不礼貌。

  比较:glare at 怒视着

  这两个小男孩互相怒视着,随时筹备开战。

  33. make jokes about 就说笑

  They make jokes about my old hat.他们就我的旧帽子说笑我。

  have a joke with about 跟某人开关于某事的玩笑。

  He stopped to have a joke with me.他停下来跟我开玩笑。

  play a joke on开某人的玩笑

  We played jokes on each other. 大家互相开玩笑。

  v. joke about取笑 They joked about my broken English.他们取笑我蹩脚的英.

  高一英语一常识点概括

  45.take over 接管;接替;继承

  what is good and still useful should be taken over.好的有用的东西应当继承。

  Our chairman has left, so Jack will take over .自己的主席走了,因此杰克将接

  管。

  46. break down

  1) 破坏;拆散

  Chemicals in the body break our food down into useful substances.

  人体中的化学元素把食物分解成有用的物质。

  The peace talks are said to have broken down. 据了解和谈破裂了。

  2)损毁 Our truck broke down outside town. 自己的卡车在城外抛锚了。

  The car broke down halfway to the destination.汽车在到达目的地的中途抛锚了。

  3) 失败;破裂 Their opposition broke down.他们的反对建议打消了。

  4) 精神崩溃;失去控制 He broke down and wept. 他不禁失声痛哭。

  5) 起化学变化 Food is broken down by chemicals. 化学物质引起食物转化。

  47、get on ones feet

  1)站起来;站起来发言

  2)自立, 经济上独立

  3)病好了, 可以起床了; 恢复, 复苏

  48、go through

  1) 经历;经受;遭到

  These countries have gone / been through too many wars.这些国家饱经战火。

  2) 完成;做完 I didnt want to go through college.我不想上完大学。

  3)通过;批准 The law has gone through Parliament. 议会已经通过了这项法案。

  Their plans went through. 他们的计划得到了批准。

  4)全面检查;搜查

  They went through our luggage at the customs.在海关他们检查了自己的行李。

  45.take over 接管;接替;继承

  what is good and still useful should be taken over.好的有用的东西应当继承。

  Our chairman has left, so Jack will take over .自己的主席走了,因此杰克将接

  管。

  46. break down

  1) 破坏;拆散

  Chemicals in the body break our food down into useful substances.

  人体中的化学元素把食物分解成有用的物质。

  The peace talks are said to have broken down. 据了解和谈破裂了。

  2)损毁 Our truck broke down outside town. 自己的卡车在城外抛锚了。

  The car broke down halfway to the destination.汽车在到达目的地的中途抛锚了。

  3) 失败;破裂 Their opposition broke down.他们的反对建议打消了。

  4) 精神崩溃;失去控制 He broke down and wept. 他不禁失声痛哭。

  5) 起化学变化 Food is broken down by chemicals. 化学物质引起食物转化。

  47、get on ones feet

  1)站起来;站起来发言

  2)自立, 经济上独立

  3)病好了, 可以起床了; 恢复, 复苏

  48、go through

  1) 经历;经受;遭到

  These countries have gone / been through too many wars.这些国家饱经战火。

  2) 完成;做完 I didnt want to go through college.我不想上完大学。

  3)通过;批准 The law has gone through Parliament. 议会已经通过了这项法案。

  Their plans went through. 他们的计划得到了批准。

  4)全面检查;搜查

  They went through our luggage at the customs.在海关他们检查了自己的行李。

 
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